Today in history, September 9: Google Doodle honours Ruth Pfau
Highlights in history on this date:
1776: Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia changes the name United Colonies to United States.
1813: San Sebastian, Spain, falls to British forces under Duke of Wellington.
1835: September Laws in France severely censor press and suppress radical movement.
1888: Chile annexes Easter Island in South Pacific.
1901: Death of French painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec who recorded and drew the characters of Parisian life.
1948: Korean People’s Democratic Republic is formed in North Korea, claiming authority over entire country.
1994: The United States agrees to accept at least 20,000 Cuban immigrants a year in return for Cuba’s promise to halt the exodus of boat people.
1995: NATO warplanes return to the skies over Bosnia to attack repaired Serb air defences, and acknowledge the attacks probably killed some civilians.
1996: Typhoon Sally hits coastal areas of Guangdong, China’s most developed province, killing more than 130 and injuring thousands.
1997: Sinn Fein, political ally of the IRA, formally renounces violence and enters talks on the future of Northern Ireland; Death, aged 89, of US actor Burgess Meredith; Former South African president FW de Klerk retires from parliament.
1998: Independent prosecutor Kenneth Starr submits to the US Congress a report on possible impeachable offences by President Bill Clinton.
1999: Israel begins releasing Palestinian prisoners as part of new peace deal.
2003: Edward Teller, pioneer in molecular physics dubbed the Father of the H-bomb, dies, aged 95.
2004: Suspected Muslim militants detonate a car bomb outside the Australian Embassy in Jakarta, killing eight people and wounding more than 160 others.
2005: President Hosni Mubarak is officially declared the victor of Egypt’s first contested presidential elections — but the vote is marred by a lower-than-expected turnout of 23 per cent.
2006: Queensland Premier Peter Beattie is re-elected in state election.
2007: Liberia ships its first consignment of diamonds since the lifting of UN sanctions imposed in 2001 that blocked the export of so-called “blood diamonds” used to fuel years of war.
2008: Asif Ali Zardari, the widower of assassinated former Pakistani leader Benazir Bhutto, takes office as Pakistan’s president.
2009: The first photographs of the self-proclaimed September 11 mastermind at Guantánamo Bay crop up on the internet. Experts say the images of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed are being used by terrorist groups to inspire attacks against the US.
2010: NSW parliament passes a bill giving same-sex couples the right to adopt, making it the third state or territory to allow same-sex adoption, after the ACT and Western Australia.
2011: About 30 protesters break into the Israeli Embassy in Cairo and dump hundreds of documents out the windows, calling for the end of relations between Egypt and Israel.
2012: Port Adelaide footballer John McCarthy, 22, dies tragically from injuries sustained while trying to jump from a roof of a Las Vegas casino to a nearby palm tree.
2015: Australian batsman and wicketkeeper Brad Haddin announces his retirement from international cricket.
2017: Egyptian archaeologists discover a tomb near Luxor of a prominent goldsmith who lived more than 3000 years ago.
2018: Former British foreign secretary Boris Johnson likens Prime Minister Theresa May’s Brexit plan to putting Britain in a “suicide vest” and handing the detonator to the European Union.
Cardinal Richelieu, French churchman-statesman (1585-1642); Luigi Galvani, Italian physiologist (1737-1798); William Bligh, mariner and governor of NSW (1754-1817); Leo (Lev) Nikolayevich Tolstoy, Russian author (1828-1910); Bert Oldfield, Australian cricketer (1894-1976); Decima Norman, Australian athlete (1909-1983); John Grey Gorton, former Australian prime minister (1911-2002); Dr Ruth Pfau, German doctor (1929-2017); Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian president (1949-); Alexander Downer, former Liberal politician (1951-); Dave Stewart, musician-producer (1952-); Hugh Grant, British actor (1960-); Adam Sandler, US actor-comedian (1966-); David Speers, Australian political reporter (1974-); Michael Buble, Canadian singer (1975-); Michelle Williams, US actor (1980-).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY
“Think wrongly if you please, but in all cases, think for yourself” — Gotthold Lessing, German dramatist-critic (1729-1781).
Originally published as Today in history: September 9