US lawmakers seek to ban imports from Xinjiang, China over forced labour
The United States already bans products made through slavery. but with China holding more than one million Uighurs and other Muslims in camps in Xinjiang, lawmakers said that forced labour was interwoven into the region’s economy.
Senator Rubio says @CECCgov report “should leave zero doubt about the evil policies of the communist party of #China” towards religious and ethnic minorities. These policies “injected forced labor under the Christmas tree.”
WATCH full remarks. pic.twitter.com/mM5hJGvADq
— Senator Rubio Press (@SenRubioPress) March 11, 2020
“These practices in Xinjiang are one of the world’s largest human tragedies. It remains unimaginable, frankly, that this is happening in 2020,” Senator Marco Rubio, a Republican sponsor of the bipartisan measure, told reporters.
Representative Jim McGovern, a Democrat who leads the Congressional-Executive Commission on China, which looks at human rights, said that witnesses, surveillance photos and leaked documents all showed the existence of forced labour.
“We know that many US, international and Chinese companies are complicit in the exploitation of forced labour involving Uighurs and other Muslim minorities,” McGovern said.
“Audits of supply chains are simply not possible because forced labour is so pervasive within the regional economy,” he said.
— Rep. Jim McGovern (@RepMcGovern) March 2, 2020
The act would ban the import of any goods from Xinjiang unless US Customs and Border Protection has “clear and convincing evidence” that no forced labour was involved.
Uighur activists say that China is conducting a massive brainwashing campaign in internment camps aimed at eradicating their separate culture and practice of Islam.
Xinjiang cotton reaches world
In an accompanying report, the commission said it had seen “credible reports” that goods involving forced labour have come into the United States, including textiles, cell phones, computer hardware, shoes and tea.
It listed a number of companies that allegedly benefited from forced labour, including fashion brands Calvin Klein and H&M, beverage giant Coca-Cola and Campbell Soup.
The Fair Labor Association, a collaborative that aims at protecting workers’ rights, said this week it was “deeply troubled” by reports of forced labour in Xinjiang and asked its affiliates to look at alternative sourcing options.
The association covers companies that were also listed as touched by forced labour from Xinjiang, including shoemakers Adidas and Nike.
One major source of concern has been cotton, as Xinjiang — like the American South two centuries ago — supplies the world.
Of the 10 billion garments imported each year into the United States, around 20 percent are believed to contain at least some material from Xinjiang, Nova said at a panel of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China.
“For apparel brands and retailers, the risk of complicity in forced labor is enormous,” he said.
The Uighur Forced Labor Prevention Act, if approved by Congress, would also require the secretary of state to produce a report on whether coerced labor is taking place and outline steps to combat it.